About the artist


Abakumtsev Nicholas was born in Moscow October 16, 1905, the family of an employee of the Kiev-Voronezh Railway. His parents sent him to the Business School. But the lessons of commerce is not good - friends of Nicholas called "burnt-out businessman." The boy drew - that was his real joy.

In 1917 the revolution began. After graduating from college was not necessary.

In 1920 he enrolled in VHUTEMAS. Studying with renowned teachers, among whom were such masters as A.V.Babichev, Shcherbinovsky DA, and B.D.Korolev N.P.Krymov, have become a major school of excellence. It is already time for independent work is not far, but then suddenly in a loud voice declared itself the other side of talent - his long-standing affinity for music. He leaves a sculpture class and in 1924 entered the State Institute of Musical Science (Anthem). After successful completion of degree and postgraduate courses he began teaching at the Music College in Moscow. During this period he frequently performs with piano concerts, creates several distinct pieces of music. Sculpture classes now run parallel with the music. In the future, all his work is divided into four series: "Creativity," "Fighting," "War," "Mother."


The key to understanding all created by the author. It represents all genres and materials in different periods of his life. Often violent act of beginning the search only went through the right decision agonizing reflection, long and hard work over the composition, sometimes led to despair. That is why the section ends with a composition of despair, which expresses the inevitable moments in the artist.


The section offers a great figure rising, which is clearly felt that despair is replaced by the active creative work. Here, along with a series of sculptures on the epic, heroic, folk themes, it shows and lyrical work as Irina, in which he earnestly expressed his deep feeling, and numerous portraits.


The section devoted to, basically, World War II. Here, since the memorable songs of bread, shows portraits of heroes and sculptural solutions to the theme of war.


This section provides a dramatic figure of the "grief" associated with the experiences of the author, in connection with the death of his mother. But despite this section ends with a monumental sculpture of "Will", filled with reassuring start.

The artist draws it possible to identify a person's character in his portraits, which often brought them to the utmost severity of brevity. Such, for example, "chudnenko" (Russian Museum), "Head of the worker" (Russian Museum), "Head of the blind" (Russian Museum), "Tramp" (museum-workshop Abakumtseva NI).

Finally decided the fate of the artist to participate in 1935 in Moscow exhibition "Sculpture in the tree", which was successfully demonstrated track "Samson" (museum-workshop Abakumtseva NI). Success was attached to the "Autumn" exhibition of Moscow artists big figure "Morning" (Studio Museum Abakumtseva NI). Since that time, Nicholas finally given to the fine arts and regularly participates in exhibitions.

Among the many pre-war works of the greatest attention should be made in a tree, "Stepan Razin". This composition is marked by a relatively small features of a true monumentality, an expression of power. In it he introduces the first color.

These years were distinguished by the extraordinary intensity of work: a large, complex pyatifigurnaya composition for the pavilion of the Kazakh SSR in the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition in Moscow, and numerous portraits, figures of athletes, the projects sites. In the short time he is preparing a solo exhibition in the tree. But the tragic events of World War II did not give it to fruition. The workshop was burned. After this tragedy, it is even more energy to creativity, creating portraits of characters and multi-figured compositions of the war. Among them are "partisans" (1942), "Bread" (museum-workshop Abakumtseva NI), finished in wood in 1948. The bas-relief, "Knights" (museum-workshop Abakumtseva NI), "The Death of Comrades" ("Requiem," Museon CHA Moscow). Some of the most important works, imbued with deep thoughts, began to "Hands of hosts" (museum-workshop Abakumtseva NI), "Rising" (museum-workshop Abakumtseva NI), "Desperation" (museum-workshop NI . Abakumtseva), "Will" (museum-workshop Abakumtseva NI). Among the numerous works by the sculptor in the 1960-70 years, the portraits of distinguished MI Kalinin, AM Bitter, KI Timiryazev IP Pavlov, AV academics Topchiev, S.S.Nametkina, N. Nekrasov, JM Lermontov, MN Glinka.

Throughout his life, an important place in the work of the sculptor is working on sketches. Continuous study of the model enables it to continually improve in solving problems of plastic. A thorough knowledge of anatomy allows the viewer to focus on a particular moment conscious exaggeration of forms or unexpected construction of the figure itself. Color, introduced in the work gives them a special significance and charm. This sharp color palette runs from the painting. The artist wrote a regular studies on the condition and color. In recent years his work has become even Nikolai Abakumtsev actively enter the color in his sculpture. These are the "Everyday", "Kuzma and Lipatov," "Liska", "Mikula Selyaninovich" (museum-workshop Abakumtseva NI), made in the 1980-90 years. In his later years, the artist turned to the image of Christ. He is constantly molded and made sketches, trying to get as close to the image of the Saviour, dozens of times to draw his eyes through them looking for a solution of the image. The sculptor died on December 23, 1999, and the image of the Saviour and remained unfinished ...

Interview with the artist.

Video on TV


Moscow reg., Kolomna district, village Peski d.n.t. "Soviet artist", giving 3
tel.: +7 926 5421484 e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


from 11.00 to 16.00 Sat - Sun (May - September), on Sat (October - April). Excursions - by prior arrangement.


From Moscow. Electric Golutvina up from the Kazan Railway Station to Station "Sands." With the platform out to the side of the first car, then go through the path and highway, move along it in the direction of electric field, pass the intersection, take the road along the two-storey houses, turn right into "Invisible" before entering the forest, there are gates in the DNT "Soviet Artist", after the end turn left, gray carved gates.
Out of Kolomna. Train to Moscow to the station. Sands, from the platform to go in the direction of the last car, cross the highway, then identical to that described above route.

From Moscow. On the route Novoryazanskoe highway. (M5) to n Rainbow, at the traffic lights turn left and drive along the main road to the village. Cherkizovo, turn right towards the village. Sands, drive across the river on the floating bridge (height limit of 2.2 meters) to move further in the third speed bumps, turn right, drive 250 meters, turn right where the entrance gate to the DNT "Soviet Artist", after the gate, immediately to the left until the end, the gray carved gates.
Out of Kolomna. On the route Novoryazanskoe highway. (M5) to n Rainbow, right at the traffic lights, then a similar way.

Longitude: 38 ° 46'12 .93 "E (38.770258)
Latitude: 55 ° 12'25 .47 "N (55.207076)

  The Russia Database, encyclopedia of Russian artists
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